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Dynamic rupture of metal sheet subjected to laser irradiation and tangential subsonic airflow
Xiaodong Xing, Te Ma, Ruixing Wang, Chenyu Cao, Hongwei Song, Chenguang Huang
Accepted Manuscript
[Abstract](0) [FullText HTML](0) [PDF 2748KB](0)
Abstract:
To reproduce the premature rupture process of metal sheet subjected to laser irradiation with subsonic airflow, which is an interesting phenomenon observed in the experiments given by Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, a coupled numerical model considering the interaction and evolution of metal elastoplastic deformation and aerodynamic pressure profile is presented. With the thermal elastoplastic constitutive relationship and failure criterion, the simulated failure modes and dynamic rupture process are basically consistent with the experimental results, indicating plastic flow and multiple fracturing is the main failure mechanism. Compared with the case of non-airflow, subsonic airflow not only accelerates deformation, but also turns the bugle deformation, plastic strain and rupture mode into asymmetric.
Rowing jellyfish contract to maintain neutral buoyancy
Patricia J. Yang, Matthew Lemons, David L. Hu
Corrected proof , doi: 10.1016/j.taml.2018.03.001
[Abstract](79) [FullText HTML](45) [PDF 3214KB](10)
Abstract:
Jellyfish are easily carried by ocean currents, yet most studies on jellyfish focus on the kinematics in a quiescent fluid. In this experimental and theoretical study, we film six species of rowing jellyfish in a range of background flow speeds at the Georgia Aquarium. Each species has a unique contraction frequency, which is independent of both the body orientation and the background flow speed. Our mathematical model reveals that jellyfish contract to offset their sinking. This behavior is invariant: Despite the background flow conditions, jellyfish contract as if they are oriented upright in a quiescent fluid. This study indicates that jellyfish operate in open loop without feedback from their environment.
Rational subgrid-scale modelling: a short survey
L. Fang, L.P. Lu
Uncorrected proof , doi: 10.1016/j.taml.2018.03.006
[Abstract](63) [FullText HTML](41) [PDF 2524KB](10)
Abstract:
We review the previous attempts of rational subgrid-scale (SGS) modelling by employing the Kolmogorov equation of filtered quantities. Aiming at explaining and solving the underlying problems in these models, we also introduce the recent methodological investigations for the rational SGS modelling technique by defining the terms of assumption and restriction. These methodological works are expected to provide instructive criterions for not only the rational SGS modelling, but also other types of SGS modelling practices.
Effects of tide-surge interaction and wave set-up/set-down on surge: case studies of tropical cyclones landing China's Zhe-Min coast
Qingyong Wuxi, Jiachun Li, Bingchuan Nie
Uncorrected proof , doi: 10.1016/j.taml.2018.03.002
[Abstract](150) [FullText HTML](53) [PDF 4353KB](15)
Abstract:
Storm surge along the China's Zhe-Min coast is addressed using the tightly coupled surge model of ADCIRC+SWAN. In this study, we primarily focus on the effects of surge-tide interaction and wave set-up/set-down. And the influences of intensity and landing moment of tropical cyclone (TC) are also presented. The results show that: water elevation without considering tide-surge interaction tends to be underestimated/overestimated when TC lands during astronomical low/high tide; tide-surge coupling effect is more pronounced north of TC track (more than 0.7 m in our cases); irrelevant to TC's intensity, wave set-up south of TC track is negligible because the depth-related wave breaking doesn't occur in water body blown towards open seas.
A three-dimensional immersed boundary method for non-Newtonian fluids
Luoding Zhu
Uncorrected proof , doi: 10.1016/j.taml.2018.03.008
[Abstract](50) [FullText HTML](19) [PDF 2519KB](6)
Abstract:
Fluid-structure-interaction (FSI) phenomenon is common in science and engineering. The fluid involved in an FSI problem may be non-Newtonian such as blood. A popular framework for FSI problems is Peskin’s immersed boundary (IB) method. However, most of the IB formulations are based on Newtonian fluids. In this letter, we report an extension of the IB framework to FSI involving Oldroyd-B and FENE-P fluids in three dimensions using the lattice Boltzmann approach. The new method is tested on two FSI model problems. Numerical experiments show that the method is conditionally stable and convergent with the first order of accuracy.
Wave Reflection in Semiconductor Nanostructures
Feixiang Tang, Yaqin Song
Uncorrected proof
[Abstract](52) [FullText HTML](34) [PDF 2480KB](5)
Abstract:
Based on nonlocal thermoelastic theory, this article studies the reflection of waves in nanometer semi- conductor media. Firstly, the governing equations are established based on coupled nonlocal elasticity theory, plasma diffusion equation and moving equation. Then, using the harmonic method, the solution of the dissipation equation and the analytic expression of the reflection coefficient rate are obtained. Finally, the influences of nonlocal parameters on wave velocities are showed graphically. It is found that after the introduction of nonlocal effect, the phase and group velocities all show the attenuation, and as the frequency increases, the non-local parameter is bigger, and the decay rate is faster. The reflection coefficient rate varies greatly with different theories, with different reflection coefficient rates depending on the incident angle.
Achieving thermal magnification by using effective thermal conductivity
Qingxiang Ji, Guodong Fang, Jun Liang
Uncorrected proof , doi: 10.1016/j.taml.2018.03.004
[Abstract](18) [FullText HTML](9) [PDF 3456KB](2)
Abstract:
A thermal magnification device is proposed by using effective thermal conductivity. Different from transformation optics method, the magnification design is realized analytically by enforcing equality of effective thermal conductivity on the magnification device and the reference case in specified domains. The validity of theoretical analysis is checked by numerical simulation results, which demonstrates the magnifying effects of the proposed design. The device only needs isotropic and homogeneous materials that are easy to obtain in nature. It is also shown that the obtained magnifying conditions are the same as those derived by separation of variables. But the proposed method proves more flexible for multilayered materials and simpler for non-spherical objects under non-uniform thermal fields. It can also be extended to other fields and applications governed by Laplace equation.
Effects of distributed leading-edge roughness on aerodynamic performance of a low-Reynolds-number airfoil: an experimental study
Yan Zhang
Uncorrected proof , doi: 10.1016/j.taml.2018.03.010
[Abstract](33) [FullText HTML](7) [PDF 3007KB](7)
Abstract:
Distributed leading-edge (LE) roughness could have significant impact on the aerodynamic performance of a low-Reynolds-number (low-Re) airfoil, which has not yet been fully understood. In the present study, experiments were conducted to study the effects of distributed hemispherical roughness with different sizes and distribution patterns on the performance of a GA (W)-1 airfoil. Surface pressure and particle image velocimetry (PIV) measurements were performed under various incident angles and different Re numbers. Significant reduction in lift and increase in drag were found for all cases with the LE roughness applied. Compared with the distribution pattern, the roughness height was found to be a more significant factor in determining the lift reduction and altering stall behaviors. It is also found while the larger roughness advances the aerodynamic stall, the smaller roughness tends to prevent deep stall at high incident angles. PIV results also suggest that staggered distribution pattern induces higher fluctuations in the wake flow than the aligned pattern does. Results imply that distributed LE roughness with large element sizes are particularly detrimental to aerodynamic performances, while those with small element sizes could potentially serve as a passive control mechanism to alleviate deep stall conditions at high incident angles.
Numerical investigation on convective heat transfer over two heated wall- mounted cubes in tandem and staggered arrangement
S.M. Mousazadeh, M.M. Shahmardan, T. Tavangar, Kh. Hosseinzadeh, D.D. Ganji
Uncorrected proof , doi: 10.1016/j.taml.2018.03.005
[Abstract](42) [FullText HTML](13) [PDF 4276KB](1)
Abstract:
In this study, laminar convective heat transfer over two heated wall-mounted cubes is investigated. Two cubes, which are under constant heat flux, are placed in different tandem and staggered arrangements on a base plate. This problem is studied for different streamwise and spanwise distances between two cubes in different Renolds number (Re), by using finite-volume method. Effects of these parameters are considered on flow and heat transfer characteristics. The results show that the temperature distribution is strongly dependent on flow structure and varies with any change of flow pattern in different arrangements of cubes. In addition, it is observed that the drag coefficient, which is influenced more by pressure forces, in staggered arrangement, is greater than tandem arrangement. Results show that by increasing the spanwise distance the amount of mean Nusselt number (Nu) of second cube becomes the same as first cube.
Nonlinear thermo-structural behavior of sandwich panels with truss cores under through-thickness gradient temperature field
Wu Yuan, Hongwei Song, Chenguang Huang
Uncorrected proof , doi: 10.1016/j.taml.2018.03.007
[Abstract](16) [FullText HTML](10) [PDF 2656KB](2)
Abstract:
A theoretical analysis is presented to predict the nonlinear thermo-structural response of metallic sandwich panels with truss cores under through-thickness gradient temperature field, which is a common service condition for metallic thermal protection system (TPS). The in-plane temperature distribution is assumed to be uniform, and through-thickness temperature field is determined by heat conduction. Two typical conditions are analyzed: nonlinear thermal bending in fixed inside surface temperature, and thermal post-buckling in fixed temperature difference between two surfaces. Temperature-dependent mechanical properties are considered, and gradient shear stiffness and bending stiffness due to non-uniform temperature is included. Results indicate that the temperature-dependent material properties obviously affect bending resistance; however, the effect is negligible on post-buckling behavior. Influences of geometric parameters on the thermo-structural behavior of the sandwich panel according to the present theoretical model are discussed.
Triangular temporal-distribution law for disintegrating internal solitons over a step
Dalin Tan, Jifu Zhou, Xu Wang
Uncorrected proof
[Abstract](53) [FullText HTML](28) [PDF 2553KB](5)
Abstract:
Internal solitary waves have been found to disintegrate into a series of solitons over variable bathymetry, with important applications for offshore engineering. Considering realistic background stratification in the South China Sea, internal solitary waves propagating over a step are studied here. By assuming disintegrated solitons propagate independently, a theoretical model, namely a triangular temporal-distribution law based on the Korteweg-de Vries theory, is proposed to describe the fission process of internal solitary waves undergoing disintegration. A parameter is then introduced to quantify the accuracy of the theoretical model. The results indicate that the triangular law predicts the fission process better for a longer travelling distance and a larger amplitude of internal solitary waves.
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Letter
Sound absorption characteristic of micro-helix metamaterial by 3D printing
Nansha Gao, Hong Hou
2018, 8(2): 63-67.   doi: 10.1016/j.taml.2018.02.001
[Abstract](64) [FullText HTML](50) [PDF 3467KB](4)
Abstract:
We present the design of micro-helix metamaterial supporting high sound absorption characteristic by 3D printing. The sample structure which is fabricated out of polylactide (PLA) material, many micro-helix are arranged by periodic arrays on XY plane. Experiment measurement results show that different geometrical dimensions of helix vestibule and cavity depth have a great effect on sound absorption coefficient. Physical mechanism depends on the friction and viscosity between the air and the helix vestibule. This work shows great potential of micro-structure metamaterial in noise control applications require light weight and large rigid of sound absorption.
An analysis of dynamic stability of an elastic column
M. Jin
2018, 8(2): 68-74.   doi: 10.1016/j.taml.2018.02.002
[Abstract](34) [FullText HTML](27) [PDF 2557KB](3)
Abstract:
By the Lyapunov direct method, dynamic stability of two conservative systems of finite degrees of freedom with one parameter is analyzed. Two Lyapunov functions are proposed for the two systems, respectively. When the number of degree of freedom the two systems tends to infinite, the two systems can simulate dynamic stability of a compressed elastic column with one end fixed and the other clamped in rotation. In the sense of the Lyapunov stability, the column is proved to be dynamically stable when the load equals to the Euler critical load.
Local buckling of thin plate on tensionless elastic foundations under interactive uniaxial compression and shear
Jianghui Dong, Xing Ma, Yan Zhuge, Julie E. Mills
2018, 8(2): 75-82.   doi: 10.1016/j.taml.2018.02.003
[Abstract](97) [FullText HTML](62) [PDF 3056KB](7)
Abstract:
This paper uses a mathematical method to develop an analytical solution to the local buckling behaviour of long rectangular plates resting on tensionless elastic Winkler foundations and under combined uniform longitudinal uniaxial compressive and uniform in-plane shear loads. Fitted formulas are derived for plates with clamped edges and simplified supported edges. Two examples are given to demonstrate the application of the current method: one is a plate on tensionless spring foundations and the other is the contact between the steel sheet and elastic solid foundation. Finite element (FE) analysis is also conducted to validate the analytical results. Good agreement is obtained between the current method and FE analysis.
A new equivalent method to obtain the stoichiometric fuel-air cloud from the inhomogeneous cloud based on FLACS-dispersion
Yulong Zhang, Yuxin Cao, Lizhi Ren, Xuesheng Liu
2018, 8(2): 109-114.   doi: 10.1016/j.taml.2018.02.006
[Abstract](70) [FullText HTML](113) [PDF 3161KB](8)
Abstract:
The fuel-air cloud resulting from an accidental discharge event is normally irregular in shape and varying in concentration. Performance of dispersion simulations using the computational fluid dynamics (CFD)-based tool FLACS can get an uneven and irregular cloud. For the performance of gas explosion study with FLACS, the equivalent stoichiometric fuel-air cloud concept is widely applied to get a representative distribution of explosion loads. The Q9 cloud model that is employed in FLACS is an equivalent fuel-air cloud representation, in which the laminar burning velocity with first order SL and volume expansion ratio are taken into consideration. However, during an explosion in congested areas, the main part of the combustion involves turbulent flame propagation. Hence, to give a more reasonable equivalent fuel-air size, the turbulent burning velocity must be taken into consideration. The paper presents a new equivalent cloud method using the turbulent burning velocity, which is described as a function of SL, deduced from the TNO multi-energy method.
Numerical simulation of the self-propulsive motion of a fishlike swimming foil using the δ+-SPH model
Peng-Nan Sun, Andrea Colagrossi, A-Man Zhang
2018, 8(2): 115-125.   doi: 10.1016/j.taml.2018.02.007
[Abstract](103) [FullText HTML](42) [PDF 3286KB](4)
Abstract:
The present work is dedicated to the application of the recently developed ( \begin{document}${\delta ^ + }$\end{document} -SPH) scheme to the self-propulsive fishlike swimming hydrodynamics. In the numerical method, a particle shifting technique (PST) is implemented in the framework of \begin{document}$\delta $\end{document} -SPH, combining with an adaptive particle refinement (APR) which is a numerical technique adopted to refine the particle resolution in the local region and de-refine particles outside that region. This comes into being the so-called \begin{document}${\delta ^ + } $\end{document} -SPH scheme which contributes to higher numerical accuracy and efficiency. In the fishlike swimming modeling, a NACA0012 profile is controlled to perform a wavy motion mimicking the fish swimming in water. Thanks to the mesh-free characteristic of SPH method, the NACA0012 profile can undergo a wavy motion with large amplitude and move forward freely, avoiding the problem of mesh distortion. A parallel staggered algorithm is adopted to perform the fluid-structure interaction between the foil and the surrounding fluid. Two different approaches are adopted for the fishlike swimming problem. In Approach 1, the foil is fixed and flaps in a free stream and in Approach 2, the wavy foil can move forward under the self-driving force. The numerical results clearly demonstrate the capability of the \begin{document}${\delta ^ + }$\end{document} -SPH scheme in modeling such kind of self-propulsive fishlike swimming problems.
Effect of neat and reinforced polyacrylonitrile nanofibers incorporation on interlaminar fracture toughness of carbon/epoxy composite
S.M.J. Razavi, R. Esmaeely Neisiany, S. Nouri Khorasani, S. Ramakrishna, F. Berto
2018, 8(2): 126-131.   doi: 10.1016/j.taml.2018.02.008
[Abstract](46) [FullText HTML](41) [PDF 3756KB](3)
Abstract:
This paper presents an experimental investigation on fracture behavior of epoxy resin-carbon fibers composites interleaved with both neat polyacrylonitrile (PAN) nanofibers and Al2O3-PAN nanofibers. In particular, the paper focuses on the effect of adding Al2O3 nanopartiles in PAN nanofibers, which were incorporated in unidirectional (UD) laminates. The effectiveness of adding a thin film made of Al2O3-PAN on the fracture behavior of the carbon fiber reinforced polymer (CFRP) has been addressed by comparing the energy release rates, obtained by testing double cantilever beam (DCB) samples under mode I loading condition. A general improvement in interlaminar fracture energy of the CFRP is observed when the both neat PAN nanofibers and Al2O3-PAN nanofibers are interleaved. However, higher interlaminar strength has been observed for the samples with a thin film of Al2O3-PAN nanofibers, suggesting a better stress distribution and stress transformation from resin-rich area to reinforcement phase of hybrid composites.
An improved model for predicting effective Young’s modulus of the twisted structure under cyclic loading: taking into account the untwisting effect
Hexin Cui, Donghua Yue, Xingyi Zhang, Youhe Zhou
2018, 8(2): 132-136.   doi: 10.1016/j.taml.2018.02.009
[Abstract](56) [FullText HTML](28) [PDF 2980KB](3)
Abstract:
Twist structures have diverse applications, ranging from dragline, electrical cable, and intelligent structure. Among these applications, tension deformation can’t be avoided during the fabrication and working processes, which often leads to the twist structure rotation (called untwisting effect) and twist pitch increasing. As a consequence, this untwisting behavior has a large effect on the effective Young’s modulus. In this paper, we present an improved model based on the classical Costello’s theory to predict the effective Young’s modulus of the basic structure, twisted by three same copper strands under cyclic loading. Series of experiments were carried out to verify the present model taking into account the untwisting effect. The experimental results have better agreements with the presented model than the common Costello’s model.
An improved wall shear stress measurement technique using sandwiched hot-film sensors
Xuanhe Liu, Zhuoyue Li, Nan Gao
2018, 8(2): 137-141.   doi: 10.1016/j.taml.2018.02.010
[Abstract](54) [FullText HTML](202) [PDF 2604KB](10)
Abstract:
In this letter we present a novel wall shear stress measurement technique for a turbulent boundary layer using sandwiched hot-film sensors. Under certain conditions, satisfactory results can be obtained using only the heat generated by one of the hot-film and a calibration of the sensors is not required. Two thin Nickel films with the same size were used in this study, separated by an electrical insulating layer. The upper film served as a sensor and the bottom one served as a guard heater. The two Nickel films were operated at a same temperature, so that the Joule heat flux generated by the sensor film transferred to the air with a minimum loss or gain depending on the uncertainties in the film temperature measurements. Analytical solution of the shear stress based on the aforementioned heat flux was obtained. The preliminary results were promising and the estimated wall shear stresses agreed reasonably well with the directly measured values (with errors less than 20%) in a fully developed turbulent pipe flow. The proposed technique can be improved to further increase precisions.
Review
Quantitative characterization of deformation and damage process by digital volume correlation: A review
Feng Xu
2018, 8(2): 83-96.   doi: 10.1016/j.taml.2018.02.004
[Abstract](39) [FullText HTML](39) [PDF 6596KB](2)
Abstract:
Characterizing material 3D deformation and damage is a key challenge in mechanical research. Digital volume correlation (DVC), as a tool for quantifying the internal mechanical response, can comprehensively study the extraction of key failure parameters. This review summarizes the recent progresses in the study of the internal movement of granular materials, inhomogeneous deformation of composite materials, and stress intensity factor around a crack front in static and fatigue states using DVC. To elaborate on the technique’s potential, we discussed the accuracy and efficiency of the algorithm and the acquisition of real microstructure data within the material under a complex environment.
Forced vibration analysis of nano-composite rotating pressurized microbeam reinforced by CNTs based on MCST with temperature-variable material properties
R. Rostami, M. Mohammadimehr, M. Ghannad, A. Jalali
2018, 8(2): 97-108.   doi: 10.1016/j.taml.2018.02.005
[Abstract](52) [FullText HTML](38) [PDF 4159KB](5)
Abstract:
In this study, free and forced vibration analysis of nano-composite rotating pressurized microbeam reinforced by carbon nanotubes (CNTs) under magnetic field based on modify couple stress theory (MCST) with temperature-variable material propertiesis presented. Also, the boundary conditions at two ends of nano-composite rotating pressurized microbeam reinforced by CNTs are considered as simply supported. The governing equations are obtained based on the Hamilton's principle and then computed these equations by using Navier's solution. The magnetic field is inserted in the thickness direction of the nano-composite microbeam. The effects of various parameters such as angular velocity, temperature changes, and pressure between of the inside and outside, the magnetic field, material length scale parameter, and volume fraction of nano-composite microbeam on the natural frequency and response systemare studied. The results show that with increasing volume fraction of nano-composite microbeam, thickness, material length scale parameter, and magnetic fields, the natural frequency increases. The results of this research can be used for optimization of micro-structures and manufacturing sensors, displacement fluid, and drug delivery.
Effects of tide-surge interaction and wave set-up/set-down on surge: case studies of tropical cyclones landing China's Zhe-Min coast
Qingyong Wuxi, Jiachun Li, Bingchuan Nie
doi: 10.1016/j.taml.2018.03.002
[Abstract](150) [FullText HTML](53) [PDF 4353KB](15)
Rational subgrid-scale modelling: a short survey
L. Fang, L.P. Lu
doi: 10.1016/j.taml.2018.03.006
[Abstract](63) [FullText HTML](41) [PDF 2524KB](10)
Rowing jellyfish contract to maintain neutral buoyancy
Patricia J. Yang, Matthew Lemons, David L. Hu
doi: 10.1016/j.taml.2018.03.001
[Abstract](79) [FullText HTML](45) [PDF 3214KB](10)
An improved wall shear stress measurement technique using sandwiched hot-film sensors
Xuanhe Liu, Zhuoyue Li, Nan Gao
2018, 8(2): 137-141   doi: 10.1016/j.taml.2018.02.010
[Abstract](54) [FullText HTML](202) [PDF 2604KB](10)
A new equivalent method to obtain the stoichiometric fuel-air cloud from the inhomogeneous cloud based on FLACS-dispersion
Yulong Zhang, Yuxin Cao, Lizhi Ren, Xuesheng Liu
2018, 8(2): 109-114   doi: 10.1016/j.taml.2018.02.006
[Abstract](70) [FullText HTML](113) [PDF 3161KB](8)
Local buckling of thin plate on tensionless elastic foundations under interactive uniaxial compression and shear
Jianghui Dong, Xing Ma, Yan Zhuge, Julie E. Mills
2018, 8(2): 75-82   doi: 10.1016/j.taml.2018.02.003
[Abstract](97) [FullText HTML](62) [PDF 3056KB](7)
Effects of distributed leading-edge roughness on aerodynamic performance of a low-Reynolds-number airfoil: an experimental study
Yan Zhang
doi: 10.1016/j.taml.2018.03.010
[Abstract](33) [FullText HTML](7) [PDF 3007KB](7)
A three-dimensional immersed boundary method for non-Newtonian fluids
Luoding Zhu
doi: 10.1016/j.taml.2018.03.008
[Abstract](50) [FullText HTML](19) [PDF 2519KB](6)
Forced vibration analysis of nano-composite rotating pressurized microbeam reinforced by CNTs based on MCST with temperature-variable material properties
R. Rostami, M. Mohammadimehr, M. Ghannad, A. Jalali
2018, 8(2): 97-108   doi: 10.1016/j.taml.2018.02.005
[Abstract](52) [FullText HTML](38) [PDF 4159KB](5)
Triangular temporal-distribution law for disintegrating internal solitons over a step
Dalin Tan, Jifu Zhou, Xu Wang
[Abstract](53) [FullText HTML](28) [PDF 2553KB](5)